Terpenes alone cannot get you high. Terpenes are aromatic compounds that can be found in everyday cleaning products and your favorite foods! They create the scent of cannabis, pine, lavender, orange peels, and more. However, creating the aroma of hemp and other plants is not its only purpose.
Not only do terpenes affect the smell and flavor of your favorite foods, but they are also responsible for that smell you love in your flower strain! Terpenes can also serve as a protective function for plants and may offer some wellness benefits to the human body.
Keep reading about the great effects terpenes have to offer!
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are natural compounds that are found in every plant. They are responsible for a plant’s flavor and smell.
Terpenes are aromatic metabolites that are found inside plant oils. They are produced in the cannabis plant inside the trichomes. Trichomes can be defined as “fine outgrowths or appendages on plants, algae, lichens, and certain protists.” They serve as a deterrent for animals because of their bitter taste. Only about 30% of plants have been found to have trichomes.
Trichomes (also known as resin glands) occur on the plants’ buds, flowers, and leaves. These glands are responsible for producing terpenes and cannabinoids, including CBD and THC.
Terpenes vs. Terpenoids
Terpenes and terpenoids are terms that are used interchangeably, often confused as being the same thing. However, terpenoids are chemically different than terpenes. Without getting too complicated, terpenes are simple hydrocarbons, and terpenoids are not.
If you want to get technical, terpenoids’ key difference lies in their oxidized methyl group. But if you really want to dive deep, check out this chapter on the two compounds! Terpenoids can naturally occur in plants and spices, but they can also be synthetically produced. Well-known terpenoids include menthol, camphor, and salvinorin A.
How Do Terpenes Work?
Cannabis terpenes are capable of interacting with our Endocannabinoid System (ECS). They bind to endocannabinoid receptors located throughout the brain and body. For example, depending on what receptors they react with, different terpenes can help sleep and relax muscles. Others can elevate mood and increase energy.
When terpenes work together with cannabinoids, their potential increases dramatically. They also can modify how much of a cannabinoid is absorbed. Because of this, they can increase or decrease the amount of CBD absorbed in the body. We take all of this into consideration when creating our CBD products!
What Are the Effects of Terpenes?
Terpenes are so abundant that they are found in almost every plant. Scientists have found over 20,000! About 150 of these have been found in hemp.
A terpene profile is the combination of terpenes that can be found in a plant. Cannabis is known for its rich profile. The dozens of terpenes found in cannabis can be combined in hundreds of ways, and each profile has a unique attribute.
Terpenes bind to receptors in the brain and give rise to many great effects! They attach to our endocannabinoid system and aid cannabinoids in entering the bloodstream. The effects of consuming superfoods such as components of the hemp plant can potentially increase overall wellness.
Here is a list of effects cannabis terpenes can provide!
- Reduce Swelling
- Soothe physical discomfort and pain
- Enhance mood
- Increased relaxation
- Soothe irritated skin
- Promote natural digestion
- Alleviate intoxicating effects associated with THC
Do Terpenes Get You High?
No! Terpenes alone cannot intoxicate you. It is the effect of Delta-9 THC that is responsible for intoxication.
While these aromatic cannabis compounds play an important role in anything they’re added to, they cannot cause psychoactive effects or a “high” on their own. So, while you’ll also find them in marijuana strains, keep in mind that it is not the terpenes causing the high. If you isolate these sweet-smelling compounds from a cannabis plant, you will still experience the pleasant scents and flavors, but nothing else.
Different terpenes have been capable of increasing or decreasing the effects of THC. Studies have shown that terpenes found in lemons, black pepper, pine nuts, or calamus plant root may effectively soothe the intoxicating effects of THC.
Please keep reading to find out more about terpenes and their effect on CBD!
Can Terpenes Impact the Effects of CBD?
Terpenes can have an impact on the effects of CBD. When all components extracted from the hemp plant work together, you get the “entourage effect.”
This effect refers to the boost in CBD’s effectiveness when many of hemp’s natural compounds are ingested simultaneously. Since terpenes are part of hemp’s natural makeup, they add to the entourage effect!
Finding CBD loaded with terpenes can be a bit difficult. When CBD is extracted from hemp plants, many of the naturally occurring terpenes can be damaged in the process. These compounds are easily damaged, so they are the first molecule to vaporize when heat is applied to flower.
What Else Impacts the Effects of CBD?
There are a few things that can heighten or lessen the effects of CBD. Broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD might seem complicated, but it’s really simple once we dissect what each of these products entails. We’ll also take a look at flavonoids, which play a crucial role.
Full Spectrum CBD
Full-spectrum CBD products contain all of the components in the hemp plant (cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes). This means it includes trace amounts of THC. The 2018 Farm Bill legalized CBD derived from hemp. Federally legal full-spectrum CBD products will contain 0.3% THC or less. 0.3% THC is not enough to make you feel intoxicated.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD does not contain THC. It does contain other hemp plant components so that it won’t be 100% CBD alone. Why would these two very similar products exist if they are the same except for one component? Well, broad-spectrum CBD products give people who would rather avoid THC altogether a suitable option.
Both odor and flavor are in part due to the combined qualities of terpenes and flavonoids. Flavonoids provide the pigmentation in cannabis, just as they do other flowers. They are not unique to the cannabis plant. Thousands have been found throughout nature, in flowers, fruits, vegetables, etc.
Flavonoids are what give cannabis its unique character. They play a distinct role in how we differentiate between strain varieties. Our full spectrum oils are a great way to explore the great benefits CBD has to offer. Experience the entourage effect for yourself!
What Are the Most Common Terpenes?
There are over 400 known terpenes found in cannabis! Many are in your household products. Do you know that lavender spray you love? The scent is a result of terpenes. Interesting, right?
These are some of the most common terpenes in some of your favorite foods and products!
There’s a reason limonene sounds like the word lemon! Limonene is one of the most common terpenes. It has very distinct, pleasant citrus notes. You can find limonene in laundry detergents, soaps, cannabis, and air fresheners.
Remember that lavender spray we mentioned? It contains linalool! Linalool is a terpene common in numerous natural and artificial flavorings. A few of the products include chewing gum, ice creams, and gelatin puddings. Linalool is responsible for the sweet notes of lavender you love in your favorite hand lotion.
Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in cannabis. Some foods that contain myrcene are mangoes, hops (often a part of your favorite beer), lemongrass, thyme, and guava melon.
Humulene gives your favorite beer its distinctive profile. Feel free to crack open a couple of brews to study up on it. Humulene is in the flowering cone of the hops plant. It is also present in various spices, including sage, black pepper, and basil.
Deck the halls with boughs of holly! Too early for Christmas? Well, pinene is responsible for that wonderful smell that comes from pine tree needles. Other fragrant, tasty things that contain pinene are pine nuts (duh), lime, and orange peels. The scent of pinene may be enticing to many, but it is also in insect repellent. Enjoy your holidays pest-free!
Remember, not all CBD products contain terpenes. They are highly volatile compounds that vaporize into the air quickly. If you open a container of flowers, the aroma of pine or citrus fills the area around you quickly. This dissipates into the air almost as fast as when it first filled the room.
At Cheef Botanicals, our full-spectrum oils, salves, and lotions will contain all the terpenes and cannabinoids from the plant. This strengthens the entourage effect and CBD’s benefits. Things are better when we’re all in it together!
Final Thoughts – Do Terpenes Get You High?
Isolated terpenes cannot get you high. The main culprit behind intoxication in marijuana is Delta-9 THC, but you won’t find more than trace amounts in our products. Instead, terpenes add to the overall effect of CBD, creating pleasant aromas and flavors.
Terpenes are in plants all over the world, but we love them most in hemp. Our CBD products benefit greatly from them, whether it be the mouthwatering smells, the delicious tastes, the helpful benefits, or the synergistic entourage effect. Check out our wide selection of CBD products today and experience terpenes for yourself!