When you think of CBD, you probably think that it can get you “high,” right? After all, it does come from cannabis, which is most famous for its psychoactive properties. However, this is not the case. CBD, or cannabidiol, is the non-psychoactive compound in cannabis plants. Unlike THC, which is the psychoactive compound in cannabis plants, CBD oil can offer incredible health benefits without the “high” feeling.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD oil comes from hemp, one of two species of cannabis, which contains very low levels of THC. This is a win-win, because you get the health benefits of CBD without the state-of-mind-altering effects of THC.
CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from agricultural hemp plants. This extract can then be combined with an oil such as hemp seed oil to mask the strong taste. At the same time, this provides additional benefits that come from the hemp seed oil itself.
Now that we are familiar with what CBD oil is and how it is made, let’s take a closer look at how CBD actually works in our bodies.
How Does CBD Work in Humans?
Our bodies contain a system of receptors that interact with cannabinoids such as CBD. This system is the endocannabinoid system, and it is responsible for maintaining several important functions in our bodies.
By the late 1900s, two distinct cannabinoid receptors were discovered: CB1 and CB2.
CB1 receptors exist in various regions of our brains that control motor functions, pain, stress, and memory. CB2 receptors, on the other hand, are more spread out in the body. They exist in vital organs like the heart, liver, pancreas, and kidneys. CB2 receptors are also a part of our immune system, which is responsible for regulating inflammation.
Research shows that when CBD oil interacts with these receptors, it improves their functionality and promotes positive benefits throughout the body. These benefits include pain relief and inflammation reduction. Many users report that they feel less anxiety after using CBD oil.
Our endocannabinoid system is critical for maintaining balance in our body’s functions. This is because it links to so many important structures in our body. This maintenance, or resistance to change, is known as homeostasis, and it certainly plays the biggest role in our survival.
What is CBD Oil Used For?
CBD oil is versatile. It can treat pain, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, cancer, stroke recovery, and more.
According to the Mayo Clinic, CBD oil is an effective treatment for seizures, a symptom of epilepsy. Studies show that patients taking CBD experience a significant reduction in seizures.
CBD oil can effectively relieve pain due to chronic joint pain, for example. You usually experience joint pain as a result of inflammation in the joints. People who experience joint pain, or even any pain in general, can benefit from the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD. It is a great choice for combating inflammation and pain.
CBD can help with anxiety, as seen in a 2016 study. In the study, CBD was found to reduce symptoms of PTSD in a child who was having trouble sleeping. CBD helped the child sleep much better after diminishing the anxiety.
Results from many studies show that CBD acts as an antidepressant in animal models. It appears to have stress-relieving effects as well. In a 2018 study, researchers realized that CBD can be actually be a fast-acting treatment for depression.
CBD also shows a promise in fighting cancer. In fact, a 2016 study revealed that cannabinoids inhibited the growth of tumor cells. More research must be done to confirm the therapeutic use of CBD for cancer treatment. However, as a complement to cancer treatment, CBD can be very helpful for pain management.
What Does CBD Oil Feel Like?
After all this discussion, you are now probably wondering, “What Does CBD Oil Feel Like?” Simply put, CBD has a calming effect. In fact, it prevents stimulation of the “fight-or-flight” response. This is why it is such an effective anti-anxiety treatment.
The “fight-or-flight” response refers to our body’s reaction to a situation of potential danger. The most notable changes that occur due to this are an increase in heart rate, increase in the rate of breathing, and trembling. All of these conditions can be linked to anxiety. However, as previously mentioned, CBD can combat this stress response via its interactions with the endocannabinoid system. This ultimately allows our body to manage stress more efficiently.
One common misconception about CBD is that it makes you high. This is not true. CBD comes from hemp, which naturally contains extremely low levels of THC. THC is the psychoactive compound of cannabis that produces a “high” state of mind. You will definitely not experience any effects like this from using CBD.
Instead, CBD promotes feelings of relaxation and calmness.
You can see the effects of CBD both immediately and in the long-run.
Immediate benefits of CBD:
- Can quickly decrease various types of pain
- Offers immediate reduction of anxiety and anxiety-related symptoms
- May aid in better sleep at night
- Could improve appetite in times of illness
Long-term benefits of CBD:
- Regular use of CBD could help with chronic depression and/or anxiety due to its regulation of related neurotransmitters like serotonin, anandamide, and dopamine.
- Taking CBD can help boost the immune system since it is a core function the ECS regulates.
- Long-term use of CBD could help with regulating blood sugar levels
- Can lower the risk of developing skin cancers.
Usually, CBD’s effects are more noticeable after using it consistently for a period of time.
Is CBD Oil Safe For Humans? What Are the Side Effects?
Now that you know what CBD oil feels like, let’s look at the potential side effects.
CBD is a cannabinoid that acts on the endocannabinoid system. Since our bodies already naturally have endocannabinoids, it comes to no surprise that CBD can produce the same effects as the endocannabinoids. Some of these effects include controlling appetite and mood, decreasing pain, and reducing inflammation.
So yes, CBD oil is perfectly safe for you to use.
There are some minor side effects of CBD oil, but it is virtually impossible to overdose on. Our bodies have an endocannabinoid system to interact with cannabinoids, which can explain the many positive effects CBD has on us.
Side effects may include:
- Dry mouth
- Low blood pressure
- Change in appetite
What CBD Products Are There?
CBD can come in a few different forms, including capsules, tinctures (oils), and edible gummies.
- CBD capsules – Capsules are a clean and easy way of getting your daily dose of CBD. It is important to make sure to look for CBD capsules that contain natural and organic ingredients, with full-spectrum hemp CBD.
- CBD tinctures (oils) – CBD oils are formulated from extracted CBD. Beware of products that may contain additives or preservatives, as this can greatly reduce the quality of the CBD.
- CBD edibles – Edibles are a much tastier alternative to the other two forms of CBD. A common product is fruit chews or gummies. Making sure to select a product that doesn’t contain artificial colors, ingredients, or animal gelatins is important for those who are health-conscious.